Stress Elimination Self-Hypnosis

Body Cleanse Hypnotherapy Home Self-Hypnosis Session

Our body cleansing stress elimination self-hypnosis session is designed to remove emotional stress blockages leaving your body and mind totally calm and relaxed. Buy the Body Cleanse self-hypnosis MP3 today for only $19.95 You can pay by credit card through PayPal at our download section by clicking here

What is Stress and how is it Created?

There are many external and internal forces that trigger stress within our bodies and throw our lives out of balance. Many people will say “that type of thing always stresses me out” or “she or he stresses me out”.

 

Stress is any change in the environment that requires your body to react and adjust in response and can be triggered by relationship difficulties or breakdown, workplace related stress, schoolyard and workplace bullying, serious trauma such as a serious accident, domestic violence, sexual assault and sexual abuse. And we haven’t even looked at the numerous environmental stresses we are bombarded with every day.

 

The body reacts to these changes with physical (chemical changes in the body), mental (fatigue and constant worrying), and emotional responses and these emotional stresses store themselves in the body in what are commonly called emotional stress blockages.

 

Forty-three percent of all adults suffer adverse health effects from stress and seventy-five percent to 90% of all doctor’s office visits are for stress-related ailments and complaints. The earlier we detect and relieve stress, the quicker we can get ourselves back on track.

 

Our body cleansing stress elimination self-hypnosis session is designed to remove emotional stress blockages leaving your body and mind totally calm and relaxed. Buy the Body Cleanse self-hypnosis MP3 today for only $19.95 You can pay by credit card through PayPal at our download section by clicking here

 

The first thing we need to understand about stress is it is created from within. It is not the event that causes the stress in our body… it is how we interpret, react and respond to the event or embedded internal triggers which creates the stress and creates what are commonly called emotional blockages within the body.

 

So the event is outside, and the stress and emotional triggers and blockages are created from within.

 

When stressed, the body thinks it is under attack and switches to ‘fight or flight’ mode, releasing a complex mix of hormones and chemicals such as adrenaline, Cortisol and norepinephrine to prepare the body for physical action and, excess Cortisol can interfere with a bunch of different processes causing poor health.

 

First is Immunity.

 

If you have too much Cortisol, you suppress immune function by suppressing the activity of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland. This prevents the release of neurotransmitters that help immune function.

 

So basically, all you’ve heard about stress being related to illness is dead on. If you’re stressed out, you’re going to get sick.

 

Our body cleansing stress elimination self-hypnosis session is designed to remove emotional stress blockages leaving your body and mind totally calm and relaxed. Buy the Body Cleanse self-hypnosis MP3 today for only $19.95 You can pay by credit card through PayPal at our download section by clicking here

 

Second is how your Metabolism is Regulated and what you Crave.

 

When you have too much stress, you can crave salty or sugary foods. Cravings of these foods are very real; because the body is looking for minerals or fuel (in the form of sugars) to continually adjust to your metabolic imbalances.

 

Many times, when you fix the adrenals and eliminate the stress, you can get rid of some of the physiological cravings – the emotional ones require a different set of skills to eliminate!

 

Third are Cardiovascular Issues.

 

Poor adrenal function leads to changes in how your body regulates heart rate and blood pressure. Inability to regular your cardiovascular system can lead to poor circulation, high or low blood pressure and all diseases related to these issues, particularly hypertension.

 

Fourth is Thinner Skin and Weaker Bones.

 

Excess Cortisol is directly related to thinner skin and weaker bones. Weaker bones are related to the inability of hormones to regular body processes, as well as the excess acidity that is created in the body when excess Cortisol is present.

 

Managing stress and making sure you have plenty of minerals and vitamin D is a much better strategy than drugs for those who have symptoms or signs of osteoporosis.

 

I hope that helps you understand why you need to take care of your adrenals. I know from experience what it’s like to have adrenal fatigue and it’s not anything I’d wish on anyone.

 

The best thing to do is take preventative steps to make sure it doesn’t happen to you, instead of waiting until you’ve damaged your adrenals and then struggle to fix them.”

 

Would You Like To:

  • Stop worrying all the time?
  • Prevent anxiety and panic attacks?
  • Stop feeling tried and drained all the time?
  • Increase your energy level?
  • Be more relaxed and calm in trying situations?
  • Stop yo-yo dieting and release excess fat?
  • Remove persistent nagging pain in the body?
  • Turn back the aging clock and have healthier younger looking skin?
  • Be happier about yourself and life?
  • Enhance your sexual desire?

 

Did you know that stress and emotional blockages in the body are major contributors to all the above challenges? That’s right… your first step to gaining control in all areas of your life is eliminating the stress (family, relationship, work and environmental stresses) from your life. One of the quickest ways to remove stress and emotional blockages can be achieved quickly and painlessly through hypnosis.

 

Our body cleansing stress elimination self-hypnosis session is designed to remove emotional stress blockages leaving your body and mind totally calm and relaxed. Buy the Body Cleanse self-hypnosis MP3 today for only $19.95 You can Pay by credit card through PayPal at our download section by clicking here

 

However stress is not all bad, stress is necessary and can sometimes even be desirable. Exciting or challenging events such as the birth of a child, participating in a challenging sport, completion of a major work project or moving to a new city generates as much stress as does tragedy or disaster. And without it, life would be dull.

 

In the modern world, the ‘fight or flight’ mode can still help us survive dangerous situations, such as reacting swiftly to a person running in front of our car by slamming on the brakes. The blood flow is going only to the most important muscles needed to handle the situation.

 

Stress related issues arise when we put our bodies into unnecessary states of stress or by becoming stressed in inappropriate situations. This can lead to an inability to ‘think straight’; and if not addressed, can lead to panic attacks, anxiety, suicidal thoughts and depression.

 

Stress targets the weakest part of our physiology or character; if you are prone to lower back pain, joint pain, headaches, acne or eczema, this will flare up.  If you have low levels of patience or tolerance for others, this will be the first area to present under times of stress.

 

Many people will try to relieve their stress by turning to alcohol, tobacco, or drugs to try to relieve their stress. Unfortunately, instead of relieving the stress and returning the body to a natural relaxed state, these substances tend to compound the problem by keeping the body in a stressed state which eventually leads to more problems… physical, mental and emotional.

 

Unless these emotional stresses are addressed; they can build up on top of each other and eventually show up in the body as skin disorders, excess weight and often chronic pain (often lower back pain). When years of stress blockages like this build up, they can contribute and lead to serious diseases in the body.

 

Fortunately Hypnotherapy is a powerful way to address and release emotional blockages and stress triggers from your body and mind. When released many benefits are almost instantaneous… and others gradually improve over time. So Hypnotherapy is holistic in nature and is about bringing about harmony and balance within… emotionally, physically and mentally.

 

What is Hypnosis and how does it Work?

Hypnosis is a really powerful tool. It can help establish the right neural patterns in the brain to establish a new way of interacting with certain situations. And this includes establishing new, healthier habits (and breaking bad ones).

 

Hypnosis lets you access deep seated behavioural patterns without the emotion, you become deeply relaxed and highly focused which in turn enables you to escape old habits and disassociate from traumatic events, even from childhood.

 

Once in this state of deep relaxation and heightened awareness you are able to communicate with the unconscious part of your mind where you can uncover any unconscious patterns you may be running that are controlling your life… and many times you are not even consciously aware that these patterns even existed.

 

Hypnosis empowers you with tools that you can use to adjust and tweak these unconscious patterns to better serve you and the goals you have for your life. Hypnosis allows you to transform yourself… and the transformation happens from the inside out… it comes from within. The transformation comes from the insights you discover inside (the unconscious mind)… not from the external information you receive (conscious mind).

 

Did you know that many famous people from all walks of life including sports stars, business executives, professional speakers, singers, stage actors and movie stars use hypnotherapy on a regular basis to remove stage fright, emotional stress, self-confidence and self-esteem issues as well as keeping themselves positively on track with their life goals. Hypnotherapy is one of the most powerful methods for getting permanent results. You only need to Google this to discover more.

 

You see there’s nothing strange or mysterious about hypnotherapy. It’s just a profession like any other profession. Hypnotherapists are trained professionals just like a psychologist or a solicitor or an architect… except in our case we are a profession that leads the way for business goal setting, getting the right mindset, creating abundance, tackling self-confidence and self-esteem issues, dealing with stress, anxiety and panic attacks, phobias, pain management, quitting cigarettes, weight-loss, sports performance enhancement and many, many other issues people have to deal with on a day-to-day basis. And it all has to do with the power of the unconscious mind.

 

You may have heard people describe the mind in many different ways but let’s look at the structures of the mind – the conscious part of the mind and the unconscious part of the mind.

 

The conscious mind is what we are consciously aware of at any point in time, in the present moment. The conscious mind is where we do all the analysing an evaluating. It is where we make all the day-to-day decisions.

 

The unconscious mind is where everything else is stored, everything we have ever seen, heard, felt, smelt or experienced… good and bad… much of which, we may no longer be even consciously aware of. Your unconscious mind is also responsible for all of the body’s automatic functions. It makes your eyes blink, your heart beat, makes you breath faster or slower when you need to.  It digests your food and controls your hormones.

 

What I am saying, metaphorically speaking is to look at your unconscious mind as your automatic pilot. Your unconscious mind runs your life for you.

 

Every event and experience you have ever witnessed is all stored in the unconscious mind. All learning, all behaviour, all change is in fact programmed into your unconscious mind. And you have been programming things you learn, beliefs, values, morals, habits (good and bad) and all sorts of other things into your unconscious mind since the day you were born. These habits and beliefs then create neurological patterns.

 

When we learn things, we store them in the unconscious mind and they become automatic.  You see, everything you do automatically, without thinking, is an unconscious habit. Even you’re breathing… it just happens for you.

 

If you run and your body needs more oxygen pumped to the cells in your muscles, you don’t need to think about it, you automatically breathe faster and heavier and your heart rate increases to pump that extra oxygen around your body quickly to get it to where it is needed. Your unconscious mind takes care of all of the body’s autonomic functions for you.

 

When you need to think about something to do it – it is a conscious process. For example when you first learnt to read, you really had to think about every letter – every sound – and just take in small pieces of information at a time – because that is all the conscious mind can handle.

 

When you learnt to drive a car – it was think, think, think … gears … blinkers … brake … check mirrors ….  And so on. It was difficult concentrating on so many things at once. That’s because the tiny conscious part of the mind gets overloaded very easily.

 

So what happens is that when we practice something over and over again, the conscious mind downloads that information to the powerful unconscious mind which then handles all those sorts of things and they become automatic – an easy habitual behaviour.

 

So you learn something, you practice it, you relegate it to the unconscious mind, the unconscious takes over that function for you – and then you get access to it on automatic pilot. So you see, when you no longer need to think about something … when you do it automatically, it is unconscious.

 

It has been programmed into the unconscious mind which then takes it on board as an automatic behaviour or habit.  Now some of these habits and learning are useful – like driving a car or reading and writing.  But some habits and learning are not useful – such as smoking or overeating … or phobias or panic attacks.

 

Whatever we program into the unconscious mind will become an automatic function that is no longer under our conscious control.

 

You may have tried previously to change unhealthy habits or unwanted programmed responses with conscious willpower but how hard is that?  You see, the reality is we come hardwired to actually protect those old habits because it’s the job of the unconscious mind hold onto them.

 

It doesn’t forget or let go of them. It holds onto them to protect us and keep us alive. You don’t unlearn something that you have programmed in. And remember… the unconscious mind does not analyse whether it is a good or bad habit or response or program… it simply accepts what you have programmed into it, runs that program and holds onto to it to protect us.

 

Take for instance; driving a car, you wouldn’t all of a sudden forget what you have to do. The unconscious mind holds onto everything so we don’t have to relearn them all over again… it is our survival mechanism. The unconscious mind protects the body by protecting the habits and learning that you have formed and programmed into the subconscious mind.

 

That’s right!  The unconscious mind never forgets. That’s why when you consciously try to break a bad habit, the unconscious mind holds onto it… to protect you… and it feels like there’s a battle going on inside. This is because that is exactly what is happening. There is an inner conflict between the conscious and the unconscious mind.

 

So whenever you try to stop smoking or lose weight, or break any of those unwanted habits or responses, the conscious mind may be trying to release it – but the unconscious mind hold on to it because it thinks it is protecting you..

 

So it naturally follows that when you want to make changes to these programmed patterns and behaviours the changes must be made at an unconscious level… and this is what is achieved through hypnotherapy.  Hypnotherapy, simply stated, bypasses the conscious mind and speaks directly to and reprograms the unconscious mind.

 

By using hypnotherapy we can bypass all that difficult practice/relearning stage… the hard way… and then changing unwanted habits and behaviours becomes easy… an automatic process.

 

It is a method of controlling or breaking a habit in a quick, easy and effortless way and regaining control of our lives.  And when hypnotherapy is done correctly, that’s exactly what happens.

 

So where do habits come from?  Let’s look at smoking. Many people tried smoking in their younger days because it was ‘cool’ or for some other ‘feel good’ reason. They did it consciously and battled through the coughing and spluttering – the awful taste – and then they kept repeating this behaviour until the unconscious mind said okay… I’ve got it… I’ll make this an automatic habit for you.

 

And the unconscious mind programmed it in as a ‘feel good’ habit because at the time, that’s what it was… it was “cool” or you felt part of a group, or you believed it relaxed you. And from that moment onwards you became a smoker.

 

Now you can tell yourself consciously “I will not smoke, I will not smoke, I will not smoke” but you find yourself desperately wanting to reach out for a cigarette because the conscious mind is the thinking part of the mind but the unconscious mind is the feeling emotional part of the mind… and it runs the show.

 

The unconscious mind is much larger, much stronger and far more powerful… it’s your survival mechanism. And your feelings (emotions) will always over-ride your conscious thoughts unless you elicit tremendous will-power.

 

Therefore, it is a simple fact that when you try making changes consciously, it is difficult because the unconscious mind holds the power and it will keep running the programmed behaviour – in this case, smoking because it is programmed in as a “feel good” habit.

 

The reason hypnotherapy is so powerful in changing unconscious habits and behaviours, is because you do not have to consciously try over and over again to think a certain way or to behave a certain way. Hypnotherapy speaks directly to the unconscious mind so the change is instantaneous – automatic. It makes it easy and effortless… and it makes it permanent.

 

So now that we know that hypnotherapy is a totally normal and natural everyday occurring state where you’re totally safe and in totally in control, the question is, does hypnotherapy really work? The answer is a definite yes.

 

So as you can now see, during a therapeutic hypnotherapy session, you and the hypnotherapist are working together toward the same positive outcome. This is the reason we tailor our programs so carefully for each individual and the reason we maintain such a high level of success.

 

What makes our practice so unique is the advanced processes and innovative techniques we use to address the individual requirements of each client. We conduct a free first session to talk about your particular challenge and see if we are indeed able to help and, if not, we will gladly refer you to the appropriate professional.

 

Many studies, conducted over long periods of time, have proven the success of hypnotherapy and, modern technology is now actually scientifically able to monitor its effectiveness. So it certainly works and not only that, we have, over time, actually improved it. Our advanced hypnotherapy techniques are achieving phenomenal success in many different areas… and normally in just one session.

 

Paul Holcroft is a certified Hypnotherapist trained in Erickson Hypnosis, Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP), Regression and Time Line Therapy and the Rewind Technique which, is specifically designed for dealing with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Phobias. Use the Facebook message system to contact me or you can email me here

 

Our body cleansing stress elimination self-hypnosis session is designed to remove emotional stress blockages leaving your body and mind totally calm and relaxed. Buy the Body Cleanse self-hypnosis MP3 today for only $19.95 You can Pay by credit card through PayPal at our download section by clicking here

What is Stress and What Causes It?

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that up to 90% of all illness and disease is due to stress.

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Stress is your body’s way of responding to any kind of demand or threat. Signs of the body under stress include irritability, fatigue, high blood pressure, impaired sleeping and insomnia. The effects of stress can be emotional, psychological, and physical.

 

Constant stress, if not treated, can lead to changes in behaviour (emotional eating, smoking, increased alcohol consumption) and a precursor to anxiety disorders, depression, PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) and many chronic illnesses in the body.

 

When you feel threatened, your nervous system responds by releasing a flood of stress hormones, including adrenaline and Cortisol, which activates the flight or fight centre of the brain (the amygdala) to rouse the body for emergency action.

 

Cortisol is a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal gland and secreted during a stress response. As a part of the body’s fight-or-flight response, Cortisol also acts to suppress the body’s immune system.

 

Serotonin is a neurotransmitter thought to play an important role in mood regulation. Stress-induced serotonin dysfunctions have been associated with anxiety, fear and depression-like symptoms.

 

Stress can kill the good bacteria and yeast that live in your intestines and keep your immunity and digestive health strong. More research is showing how stress impacts the function of your gut every day.

 

It slows transit, leading to constipation and the re-circulation of hormones like estrogen through your liver. It increases the overgrowth of bad bacteria. And it loosens the barriers between the cells that line the intestines, creating something called leaky gut that then leads to inflammation, food sensitivities and even autoimmune disease.

 

Studies have also shown that the activity of hundreds of genes responsible for enzymes that break down fats and detoxify prescription drugs, are negatively impacted by stress. Stress can also increase your toxin burden by increasing your desire for high fat, high sugar foods.

 

Stress is the body’s reaction to any stimuli that disturbs its equilibrium. When the equilibrium of various hormones is altered the effect of these changes can be detrimental to the immune system.

 

Stress affects the immune system in many ways. The immune system protects the body from viruses, bacteria, and anything that is different or that the body does not recognize. The immune system sees these as intruders and it sends messages to attack. The white blood cells, leukocytes, are very important to the immune system.

 

The white blood cells, leukocytes, are very important to the immune system. These leukocytes produce cytokines which fight infections.[47] But they also are the immune systems communicator in telling the brain that the body is ill.

 

When an individual is stressed or going through a stressful experience the immune system starts to produce natural killer cells and cytokines.[48] When levels of cytokines are higher they combat infections and therefore the brain gets communicated the body is ill and it produces symptoms as if the individual was ill.

 

These symptoms include fever, sleepiness, low energy levels, no appetite, and flu like symptoms. These symptoms mean the body is fighting the illness or virus. This is useful for when the body goes through the stress from an injury.

 

But unfortunately, the body has now evolved to do this process during stressful events such as taking exams, or even going through a life changing event such as a death of a family member or a divorce. That is why many times when individuals are stressed because of life changing events or situations such as those, they get these symptoms and believe they are sick when in reality it can be because the body is under stress.

 

Both negative and positive stressors (endurance sports) can lead to stress, the intensity and duration of stress changes depending on the circumstances and emotional condition of the person suffering from it. Some common categories and examples of stressors include:

 

Sensory input such as pain, bright light, noise, temperatures, or environmental issues such as a lack of control over environmental circumstances, such as food, air and/or water quality, housing, health, freedom, or mobility.

 

Social issues can also cause stress, such as struggles with difficult individuals, social defeat, relationship conflict, deception, or break ups, and major events such as birth and deaths, marriage, and divorce.

 

Life experiences such as poverty, unemployment, clinical depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, heavy drinking or insufficient sleep can also cause stress. Students and workers may face performance pressure stress from exams and project deadlines.

 

Adverse experiences during development like prenatal exposure to maternal stress, poor attachment (abandonment) histories and sexual abuse) are thought to contribute to deficits in the maturity of an individual’s stress response systems.

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Stages of Stress

Physiologists define stress as how the body reacts to a stressor (real or imagined) which is a stimulus that causes stress. Acute stressors affect an organism in the short term; chronic stressors over the longer term.

 

General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS), developed by Hans Selye, is a profile of how organisms respond to stress; GAS is characterized by three phases: a nonspecific mobilization phase, which promotes sympathetic nervous system activity; a resistance phase, during which the organism makes efforts to cope with the threat; and an exhaustion phase, which occurs if the organism fails to overcome the threat and depletes its physiological resources.

 

Stage One

Alarm is the first stage, which is divided into two phases: the shock phase and the anti-shock phase.

 

Shock phase: During this phase, the body can endure changes such as the stressor effect.

Anti-shock phase: When the threat or stressor is identified or realized, the body starts to respond (Cortisol) and is in a state of alarm (flight or fight).

 

Stage Two

Resistance is the second stage and increased secretion of glucocorticoids play a major role, intensifying the systemic response—they have lipolytic, catabolic and antianabolic effects: increased glucose, fat and amino acid/protein concentration in blood.

In high doses, Cortisol begins to act as a mineralocorticoid (the steroid hormone aldosterone which maintains salt level in the body) and brings the body to a state similar to hyperaldosteronism (excessive secretion of aldosterone).

 

If the stressor persists, it becomes necessary to attempt some means of coping with the stress. Although the body begins to try to adapt to the strains or demands of the environment, the body cannot keep this up indefinitely, so its resources are gradually depleted.

 

Stage Three

The third stage could be either exhaustion or recovery.

 

Recovery follows when the system’s compensation mechanisms have successfully overcome the stressor effect (or have completely eliminated the factor which caused the stress). The high glucose, fat and amino acid levels in blood prove useful for anabolic reactions, restoration of homeostasis and regeneration of cells.

 

Exhaustion is the alternative third stage in the GAS model. At this point, all of the body’s resources are eventually depleted and the body is unable to maintain normal function. The initial autonomic nervous system symptoms may reappear (sweating, raised heart rate, etc.).

 

If stage three is extended, long-term damage may result (prolonged vasoconstriction results in ischemia which in turn leads to cell necrosis), as the body’s immune system becomes exhausted, and bodily functions become impaired, resulting in decompensation.

 

The result can manifest itself in obvious illnesses, such as peptic ulcer and general trouble with the digestive system (e.g. occult bleeding, melena, constipation/obstipation), diabetes, or even cardiovascular problems (angina pectoris), along with clinical anxiety, panic attacks, depression and other mental illnesses.

 

Chronic Stress

Chronic stress is defined as a state of prolonged tension from internal or external stressors, which may cause various physical manifestations – e.g., asthma, back pain, arrhythmias, fatigue, headaches, HTN, irritable bowel syndrome, ulcers, and suppress the immune system.

 

Chronic stress takes a more significant toll on the body than acute stress does. It can raise blood pressure, increase the risk of heart attack and stroke, increase vulnerability to anxiety and depression, contribute to infertility, and hasten the aging process.

 

People in distressed marriages have also been shown to have greater decreases in cellular immunity functioning over time when compared to those in happier marriages.

 

Furthermore, during chronic stress, Cortisol is over produced, causing fewer receptors to be produced on immune cells so that inflammation cannot be ended.

 

Chronic stress has been shown to increase the thickness of the artery walls, leading to high blood pressure and heart disease.

 

Chronic stress also increases the production of Cortisol, leading to something called “Cortisol steal,” where fewer sex hormones are produced.

 

Chronic stress is seen to affect the parts of the brain where memories are processed through and stored. When people feel stressed, stress hormones get over-secreted, which affects the brain.

 

That is because stress releases Cortisol, and Cortisol causes metabolic activity throughout the body. Metabolic activity is raised in the hippocampus. High Cortisol levels can be tied to the deterioration of the hippocampus and decline of memory that many older adults start to experience with age.

 

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

PTSD is a severe anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to any event that results in psychological trauma. This event may involve the threat of death to oneself or to someone else, or to one’s own or someone else’s physical, sexual, or psychological integrity, overwhelming the individual’s ability to cope. As an effect of psychological trauma, PTSD is less frequent and more enduring than the more commonly seen acute stress response.

 

Diagnostic symptoms for PTSD include intrusion, avoidance and hyper-arousal — re-experiencing the original trauma(s) through “flashbacks” or nightmares (intrusion), emotional numbing or avoidance of stimuli associated with the trauma, and increased arousal, such as difficulty falling or staying asleep, anger, and hyper-vigilance.

 

Formal diagnostic criteria (both DSM-IV-TR and ICD-10) require that the symptoms last more than one month and cause significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

 

The areas of the brain affected in post-traumatic stress disorder are sensory input, memory formation and stress response mechanisms. The regions of the brain involved in memory processing that are implicated in PTSD include the hippocampus, amygdala and frontal cortex. While the heightened stress response is likely to involve the thalamus, hypothalamus and locus coeruleus.

 

Memory

Cortisol works with epinephrine (adrenaline) to create memories of short-term emotional events; this is the proposed mechanism for storage of flash bulb memories, and may originate as a means to remember what to avoid in the future. However, long-term exposure to Cortisol damages cells in the hippocampus; this damage results in impaired learning. Furthermore, it has been shown that Cortisol inhibits memory retrieval of already stored information.

 

Atrophy of the hippocampus in post traumatic stress disorder

There is consistent evidence from MRI volumetric studies that hippocampal volume is reduced in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This atrophy of the hippocampus is thought to represent decreased neuronal density. However, other studies suggest that hippocampal changes are explained by whole brain atrophy (partial or complete wasting away) and generalised white matter atrophy is exhibited by people with PTSD.

 

The psychiatric diagnosis post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was coined in the mid-1970s, in part through the efforts of anti-Vietnam War activists and the Vietnam Veterans against the War, and Chaim F. Shatan. The condition was added to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as posttraumatic stress disorder in 1980.

 

PTSD was considered a severe and ongoing emotional reaction to an extreme psychological trauma, and as such often associated with soldiers, police officers, and other emergency personnel.

 

The stressor may involve threat to life (or viewing the actual death of someone else), serious physical injury, or threat to physical or psychological integrity including sexual abuse, domestic violence, workplace and schoolyard bullying, or a serious accident.

 

In some cases, it can also be from profound psychological and emotional trauma, apart from any actual physical harm or threat. Often, however, the two are combined.

 

Depression

Many areas of the brain appear to be involved in depression including the frontal and temporal lobes and parts of the limbic system including the cingulate gyrus. However, it is not clear if the changes in these areas cause depression or if the disturbance occurs as a result of the etiology (branch of medical science concerned with the causes and origins of diseases) of psychiatric disorders.

 

In depression, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis undergoes upregulation with a down-regulation of its negative feedback controls and Cortisol is released from the adrenal glands; adrenal hypertrophy (excessive growth) can also occur.

 

Release of Cortisol into the circulation has a number of effects, including elevation of blood glucose. The negative feedback of Cortisol to the hypothalamus, pituitary and immune system is impaired. This leads to continual activation of the HPA axis and excess Cortisol release. Cortisol receptors become desensitized leading to increased activity of the pro-inflammatory immune mediators and disturbances in neurotransmitter transmission.

 

Serotonin transmission from both the caudal raphe nuclei and rostral raphe nuclei is reduced in patients with depression compared with non-depressed controls. Increasing the levels of serotonin in these pathways, by reducing serotonin reuptake and hence increasing serotonin function, is one of the therapeutic approaches to treating depression.

 

In depression the transmission of noradrenaline is reduced from both of the principal noradrenergic centres – the locus coeruleus and the caudal raphe nuclei. An increase in noradrenaline in the frontal/prefrontal cortex modulates the action of selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibition and improves mood. Increasing noradrenaline transmission to other areas of the frontal cortex modulates attention.

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How to Control and Reduce Stress

There are several ways of coping with stress such as controlling the source of stress or learning to set limits and to say “no” to some of the demands that bosses, partners or family members may make.

 

A way to control stress is first dealing with what is causing the stress… if it is something the individual has control over. Other methods to control stress and reduce it can be: to not procrastinate and leave tasks for last minute, do things you like, exercise, do breathing routines, go out with friends, and take a break. Having support from a loved one also helps a lot in reducing stress.

 

A person’s capacity to tolerate the source of stress may be increased by thinking about another topic such as a hobby, listening to relaxing music, spending time in nature, or participating in meditation or yoga classes.

 

Hypnotherapy is also a very powerful way to reduce stress build up in the body by teaching the body how to naturally handle and process stress.

 

-Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stress_(biology)

-Source: http://bodyecology.com/articles/top-5-sources-of-toxins.php